Power Scenario in Haryana
Haryana power establishments have been a forerunner in terms of growth in comparison to national capacity creation. On the one hand, state boasts to have surplus electricity which is distributed by two state-owned power utilities…
- Sahil Bansal
Haryana is the 20th largest state with an area 44,212 km2 and the 17th largest by population (as per census 2011) with total population of 25,351,462 (13,494,734 male and 11,856,728 female). It is bordered by Punjab and Himachal Pradesh to its north and by Rajasthan to the west and south. It also borders with country’s capital Delhi on three sides north, west & south.
Haryana power establishments have been a forerunner in terms of growth in comparison to national capacity creation. On the one hand, state boasts to have surplus electricity which is distributed by two state-owned power utilities i.e. Uttar Haryana Bijli Vitran Nigam (UHBVN) and Dakshin Haryana Bijli Vitran Nigam (DHBVN). On the other hand, it suffers from inability to sell power at compensatory rates in the market. Haryana stands at 10th position with approximately 3.53% of the total installed capacity in the country.
Haryana has shown 0% peak shortage and less than 1% energy shortage during last two years. The state has achieved 100% electrification, but there are still 2.85 lakhs rural un-electrified households in the state, which are proposed to be electrified by FY 2018-19 in phased manner.
The per capita consumption of power in Haryana has been 1909 units which is much higher than national average of 1010 during FY 2014-15. The total installed capacity available to the state at present is 11,053.30 MW. It includes 2,782.4 MW from state’s own stations, 828.97 MW from jointly owned projects (BBMB) and the balance as share in central projects and Independent Private Power Projects. The power availability from these sources was 4,45,111 lakh KWH during the year 2015-16. The power sold during the year 2015-16 was 3,22,370 lakh KWH. The year-wise detail of installed generation capacity, power availability and power sold are given in Table 1.
The total number of electricity consumers in the state has been increased from 35,44,380 in 2001-02 to 57,52,170 in 2015-16. The category-wise number of electricity consumers as given in Table 2.
The per capita consumption of electricity increased from 57 units in 1967-68 to 1,628 units in 2015-16. The consumption of electricity in the state during 2015-16 was 32,237.06 million units (MUs). The consumption of electricity by the industrial sector was maximum i.e. 10,142.35 MUs followed by agriculture sector i.e. 9,176.50 MUs. For agriculture sector subsidy amounting to 6,434.67 crore was given by state government in 2015-16. The sector-wise electricity consumed is given in Table 3.
The state government unbundled the erstwhile Haryana State Electricity Board (HSEB) in August 1998 into separate functional entities as below:
• Haryana Power Generation Corporation Limited (HPGCL)
• Haryana Vidyut Prasaran Nigam Limited (HVPNL)
• Uttar Haryana Bijli Vitran Nigam Limited (UHBVNL)
• Dakshin Haryana Bijli Vitran Nigam Limited (DHBVNL)
Haryana Power Generation Corporation
On March 17, 1997 Haryana Power Generation Corporation came into existence. It was assigned the responsibility of working projects run by the state, maintaining them and also setting up new power generation projects. Thus, activities related to generation of power were shifted from Haryana State Electricity Board (HSEB) to Haryana Power Generation Corporation Limited (HPGCL) on August 14, 1998 with the aim of excellence in power generation, the state’s own generating stations Haryana Power Generation Corporation Limited (HPGCL) came into existence.
The following thermal units are engaged in the generation of power in the state:
• Panipat Thermal Power Station, Panipat
• Deen Bandhu Chhotu Ram Thermal Power Project, Yamuna Nagar
• Rajiv Gandhi Thermal Power Project, Khedar, Hisar
Haryana Vidyut Prasaran Nigam Limited
On August 19, 1997, Haryana Vidyut Prasaran Nigam Limited (HVPNL) was built-in as a company under the Companies Act. It initiated its functioning on September 18, 1997 and the functioning of HSEB was shifted to HVPNL on August 14, 1998 for distribution and transmission of power in the state. HVPNL was assigned accountability of transmission and distribution of electricity through relocate scheme notified by the Government and Haryana Electricity Regulatory Commission and was accorded license for transmission and bulk supply of electricity.
Uttar Haryana Bijli Vitran Nigam Limited
Uttar Haryana Bijli Vitran Nigam Limited (UHBVNL) distributes retail power supply in the northern region of Haryana. Haryana Power Purchase Center (HPPC), has been assigned the power of retail supply which is a joint forum of UHBVN and DHBVN.
Dakshin Haryana Bijli Vitaran Nigam Limited
Dakshin Haryana Bijli Vitaran Nigam Limited (DHBVNL) is also a government undertaking which look at the retail electricity supply in the southern region of Haryana. It also started its operations in July, 1999. Safe and sound power supply was the main aim of this Nigam. Through this it tried to encourage development in the region by reducing line losses. It tried to become modern through e-billing, e–tendering, network mapping, data logging, remote meter reading and electricity distribution automation etc.
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